Best Total Knee Replacement Surgery in Miyapur
A total knee replacement is a procedure that involves replacing a diseased or damaged knee joint with an artificial knee joint made of metal or plastic. In Miyapur, Hyderabad, Metrocare delivers diagnosis and tailored non-operative and operative treatment regimens, as well as highly specialized care during and after surgery.
The femur (thighbone), tibia (shinbone), and patella (kneecap) make up the knee (kneecap). The two menisci, the soft cartilage that connects the femur and tibia, act as a cushion and absorb shock during movement. Arthritis (joint inflammation), injury, or other disorders of the joint can weaken this protective layer, producing excruciating pain and making daily activities difficult. The cartilage in an arthritic knee thins out or disappears completely. Additionally, the bones along the borders of the joint thicken and may produce bony “spurs.” These variables can induce pain and limit the joint’s range of motion.
TREATMENT AND PROCEDURES
Total knee replacement surgery aims to ease the pain while also restoring your knee’s alignment and function.
- The procedure is carried out under either spinal or general anesthesia. To expose the knee joint, your surgeon will create an incision in the skin over the afflicted knee. Using specialized jigs, the damaged sections of the femur bone are then sliced at proper angles. With or without bone cement, the femoral component is connected to the femur’s end.
- The injured portion of the tibia (shinbone) and the cartilage are then cut or shaved by your surgeon. This removes the malformed portion of the bone as well as any bony growths, leaving a flat surface for the implants to be affixed to. After that, bone cement or screws are used to fix the tibial component to the end of the bone.
- Between the implants, your surgeon will install a plastic component called an articular surface to provide a smooth gliding surface for movement. This plastic insert will support the body’s weight while allowing the femur to travel over the tibia in the same way that the natural meniscus cartilage does.
- The new components are then attached to the femur and tibia to construct the new knee joint.
- The patella (knee posterior )’s surface is also prepped to receive a plastic component to ensure that it glides smoothly over the new artificial knee.
POST OPERATION CARE
Following surgery, rehabilitation begins right away. Specific exercises to strengthen your leg and restore knee movement will be taught to you by a physical therapist. Knee immobilizers are used to keep the knee stable. With crutches or a walker, you will be able to walk. To move the knee joint, a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine can be employed. Continuous passive motion is a device that is attached to the treated limb and moves the joint through a controlled range of motion while the patient is at rest. A home workout program to strengthen your thigh and calf muscles will be provided by your physical therapist.
Please contact us if you would want more information about knee treatments or would like to learn more about total knee replacement.